Modern socio-demographic situation in the Zhytomyr region remains complex and ambiguous. Demographic indicators are deteriorated in the areas affected by radioactive contamination: the birth rate decreases and mortality increases, the working-age population migrates from those contaminated areas in less polluted areas, other cities and countries.
Hundreds of thousands of families and children reside, grow up and develop in conditions of prolonged exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation and other unfavorable factors after Chernobyl period. It is noticed that all the children are have higher level of pathological prevalence. Children with diffuse toxic goiter are observed significantly higher prevalence and intensity of dental caries and its complications. There is a greater percentage of destruction of periodontal tissues, which indicates the need for further detailed study of the dental status in thyroid comorbidity to establish causal relationships. In the context of the planned rehabilitation within the Zhytomyr region figures look heterogeneously. Low level of dental health is indicated in children living in Olevsk, Emilchinsky, Novograd-Volynskiy, Korosten and Ovruch areas. There is a need in the treatment of teeth at the base of "Caries Prevention" center at the Zhytomyr Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital. Almost one in eight people living in the contaminated area is in a state of depression, anxiety, emotional instability, stress, conflicts and crises. People are in downbeat mood about their future. Topical issue is the system of social security and assistance to the most "vulnerable" sectors of the population (large families, low income and asocial families).
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl tragedy. There are many myths about the accident, the official figures are not always accurate. Nevertheless, it has become the most serious accident in the history of nuclear power.
April 26, 1986 there was an explosion on the fourth unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant that completely destroyed the reactor. The so-called active accident phase lasted 10 days. All this time, very intense emissions of radioactive elements released in the atmosphere, including the isotopes of Uranium, Plutonium, Iodine-131, Cesium-134, Cesium-137, Strontium-90.
According to the official sources more than 200 000 sq. km. were radioactively contaminated. Approximately 70% of the territory of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine was espoused to radiation fallout. The accident affected not only modern Ukraine, Belarus and Russia, which is located near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, but also Eastern Thrace, Macedonia, Serbia, Croatia, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, the Netherlands, Belgium, Slovenia, Poland, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Ireland, France (including Corsica), Great Britain and the isle of Man.
International SOCMED program pursues implementing activities in the 3rd and 4th Chernobyl zones in Ukraine
Green Cross pursues to work actively in the regions of Ukraine, in particular in the city of Slavutych and the surrounding villages, where it helps to solve a number of social and health problems with families, who live in the 3rd and 4th Chernobyl zones. Many families are members of the "Mother and Child" club and have the opportunity to participate in the project "Social Cooperatives", as well as receive support under the Family Program within the International Program SOCMED.
Recently another family who has the status of victims of the Chernobyl accident received the long-awaited aid. Green Cross began working with the family of Alla Lutchenko in a hard time for the family, when they learned that Alla lost her job. Also, the mother was in despair after both sons found hyperplasia of the thyroid gland and gastritis. There was no time or opportunity to undergo additional medical examinations and to take measures to strengthen the health of her children. Green Cross took care of everything. Since then, the family is an active member at the meetings of the "Mother and Child" club. In 2015, the family received the opportunity to develop mini rabbit farm within the project "Social Cooperatives."
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