Ten of the most promising countries for sanitation of contaminated areas

Green Cross Switzerland and Blacksmith Institute report on sources of pollution for 2014 on ten most promising countries for sanitation of contaminated areas:

Contamination is the most important global problem in health sphere and environmental protection

Every year around the world9 million people dies from the consequences of exposure to sources of pollution; most of them are children. This is nearly three times more than from malaria, and fourteen times more than HIV/AIDS. 5 million people die each year due to the climate change, which is substantially less than due to environmental pollution.

Sources of environmental pollution are undervalued risks on a global scale in the field of health

The fact that more than one in seven deaths in the world is linked to environmental pollutants and factors gives only a rough picture. It reflects the extremely high cost of health care and the economy resulting from pollution of the human environment. About 200 million people often have irreplaceable and permanent injuries and diseases, including the brain, due to the fact that they are under the influence of lead, mercury, chromium, pesticides and radionuclides in thousands of places contaminated by these substances. Despite the scale and serious consequences for the people to fight environmental pollution accounts for only a small share of financial investments and activities compared to the three infectious diseases on a global scale - malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, yet also two related problems around the globe with environment - climate change and the extinction of species.

"But environmental pollution, climate change and the threat to biological diversity are closely linked - emphasizes Nathalie Gysi, representing the Green Cross Switzerland. - Reduction of environmental pollution and the elimination of the backlog of earlier pollution not only lead to better health, but also help to improve the health of the natural ecological system that surrounds us all and upon which we all depend. Consisting of trees, plants and other organisms (the so-called diversity of life) green infrastructure of nature supplies us with oxygen, purify the air and water, flood stops, limits the negative impact of drought and, last but not least, a vital source of food and construction materials. It is impossible to have a healthy, properly performing its assigned function nature of wetlands or forests, if they are exposed to the harmful effects of high concentrations of heavy metals, toxic pesticides or radioactive waste".

Ten of the most promising projects for sanitation of contaminated areas in various countries in 2014

In contrast to the traditional list of the ten most affected by the pollution places in the report on sources of environmental pollution for 2014, ten of the most promising countries for sanitation of contaminated with lead, mercury, chromium, pesticides or radionuclides places. Report on the sources of pollution for 2014 can be downloaded from the website www.greencross.ch.

(The top-ten list is given in alphabetical order by country.)

• Vietnam - Dong Mai – Costs $ 20 per person allowed to stop lead poisoning an entire village

• Ghana - Agbogbloshi - Hazardous combustion old electronics replaced mechanical processing for use as recycled

• Indonesia - Tsinangka - Successfully implemented reorganization of lead-contaminated children's football field

• Kyrgyzstan - Maili-Suu - Water Filters protect against radioactivity

• Mexico - Bicentennial Park - a park instead of the refinery

• Peru - Established national terms for land reclamation

• Senegal - Tiara-sur-Mer - Replacement of deadly lead recycling for reuse profitable hydroponic gardens

• Former Soviet Union - Collection and recycling of obsolete pesticides

• Uruguay - Montevideo - Urban neighbourhoods are exempt from toxic sites

• Philippines - Marilao river system, and Meykauayan Obando - Improvement of water quality to protect people and fisheries

"Regardless of the complexity, additional constraints and lack of resources, you can always do something to initiate the process of change for the better in the most contaminated areas, - says Richard Fuller, founder of Blacksmith Institute. - Each of these projects shows how real are the opportunities in all states to address the problems associated with the dangerous pollution of the human environment harmful and toxic substances. The only things that are indispensable in freeing people from the paralyzing grip of environmental pollution is return, cooperation and compassion".

According to Stephan Robinson, head of direction ("Disarmament", "Water") of Green Cross Switzerland, local sources of pollution can have a negative impact on the health of people who live thousands of miles away from these places. "As a result of improper use and storage of pesticides and waste from their production up to 98 present of these environmentally harmful substances leaking water into the soil and get into the water. Currently, the minimum amount of pesticides can be found in almost all water bodies" - explains Robinson.

The implementation of initiatives for improved training and education

Technologies, which are necessary to eliminate the backlog over time, environmental pollution, as well as the know-how, are already available. Portable hand-detection equipment helps to immediately detect contamination. But the poisoning of the environment only in extremely rare cases, regarded as the highest priority threads.

Prevention of pollution of the environment is often facilitated through training and education aimed at the use of the best cleaner technologies. "Digging" of gold using simple craft techniques is the second largest worldwide source of mercury pollution. Mercury, like lead, is a poison that acts on the nervous system. If it got into the environment, it remains there forever. Even in fish and animals from Antarctica, who have never had direct contact with the mercury found such a high concentration of it, that is simply dangerous to use these fish and animals for food. The solution to this problem is to train employees of mines on technologies of "digging" of gold without the use of mercury. In addition, these technologies allow increasing the production of gold.

Dong Mai this is just one of thousands of villages in Vietnam, in which much is made in the local elementary illegal shops. Nobody ensure the observance of the norms of environmental pollution. And so the environment of the people is very polluted. In this case, the villagers eat mainly from their fields and gardens. A similar situation exists in the Tiare-sur-Mer in Senegal. The territory is very heavily polluted due to the recycling of old batteries to get the lead out of them. Today, at this point - before it was one of the most polluted places in the world - play healthy children and have hope for a better future. Environmental pollution is not only a problem of the cities. There are hundreds of thousands of villages in Asia, Africa and Latin America, where children and adults are exposed to high concentrations of environmentally harmful substances, which greatly impair their health. And they do not even know about it.

About Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross Switzerland

Blacksmith Institute is an international non-profit organization dedicated to solving life-threatening environmental problems in developing countries. It is engaged in inspection and remediation of the most polluted places in the world. Blacksmith Institute focuses its attention to places where there is the greatest threat to health, in particular women and children. Based in New York, the organization works with governments, international community, non-governmental organizations and local authorities in the development and implementation of innovative low-cost solutions to save lives. Since 1999 Blacksmith Institute has implemented more than 50 projects and is currently engaged in more than 40 projects in 20 countries.

Green Cross Switzerland deals with the consequences of industrial and military disasters and the residual damage to the environment since the Cold War. The first priority is to improve the quality of life of people who are affected by chemical, radioactive or other contamination, and support continuous development in the sense of cooperation rather than confrontation.

Green Cross International (GCI) was founded by Mikhail Gorbachev - an independent, non-profit, nongovernmental organization that interests representation at the highest level and local projects contribute to the solution of interconnected global challenges facing all of humanity, such as security, the fight against poverty and destruction of the environment. GCI (headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland) is in charge of expanding the network of national organizations in more than 30 countries.

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